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1. Where is Oman? Locations and its history

Beyond the walls of its capital, Muscat, we are able to locate a secure and welcoming country with changing landscapes that transit between desert and the warm Indian; and a human population that will get you just like you were part of it. Oman is a nation located in western Asia, on the eastern coastline of the Arabian Peninsula. It borders the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, with Saudi Arabia to the west and Yemen to the southwest. The coastline, meanwhile, is formed by the Arabian Sea to the south and east, and with the Gulf of Oman to the northeast ( More on:

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To speak a little about its history, we have that Oman extends its origins to the Stone Age, given that there are indications of human settlements in the community, specifically in Ras al-Hamra, Al Wattih and Harappa. Furthermore, the metropolis appears named for the first time in the 1st century AD. C., particularly when Greeks and Romans recorded the presence of a crucial commercial port, what is now currently called “Port of Muscat”, a link between East and West.

What happened to the Sassanid Empire?

The fights for control of the port of Muscat have been constant over the decades due to its strategic area between Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf. That is to say, numerous have been the countries that have disputed the possession of the land, so it has been a very important component for the development and history of the country.
In the third century, after going through the hands of Babylonians and Assyrians, Shapur I perpetrated an attack on the port, becoming under Persian rule.

What about the Conversion to Islam?

The Imamate era began when conversion to Islam occurred. This took place in the 7th century and in the year 751 the first Imam was already established. From that point on, this period of time that started and it extended until the middle of the 12th century.
What was the Portugueses in the fights for control of the metropolis?
The Portuguese fleet initially arrived in Muscat in 1507, however they were met with shots from the port. The fights for power over the metropolis were destructive, but finally the Portuguese took power for more than a century. It was then that the Muscat fortresses were constructed, to defend against maritime assaults. However, this did not avoid the conquest of the Turks, which occurred twice (in 1552 and from 1581 to 1588.)

What about the Yaruba Dynasty?

In 1624, Nasir bin Murshid was selected imam of Oman, he was the one who expelled the Portuguese and also was liable for uniting the nation. He was also the creator of the Yaruba dynasty and also from it all of the rulers of Oman emerged until 1749. It was a period of great territorial expansion simply because they conquered metropolitan areas of East Africa such as Mombasa or Zanzibar.

What do we know about the Al Said Dynasty?

Declivity started in the middle of the 18th century, after having a civil war as well as the continuing incursions of the Persian king Nadir Shah. During those times, there was a power vacuum that resulted in theemergence of the Al Said dynasty. The most prominent leader of the 19th century was Said bin Sultan; he improved military superiority and defeated Zanzibar.

How were your internal conflicts?

Conflicts between tribes within the Oman and the Sultanate resurfaced in the 20th century, culminating in 1962 with the Dhofar rebellion. Sultan Said bin Taimur had to request the United Kingdom for help to quell the revolts and also had to transfer his residence from Muscat to Salalah.

Qaboos bin Said

On July 23, 1970, Qaboos bin Said (son of the Sultan) orchestrated a coup d’etat and overthrew his dad. Ever since then, it has the overall power of the country, distinguished as Sultanate of Oman. No, he is also Prime Minister, Minister of Defense, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Finance. His recognized residence is in the Al Alam Palace.


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